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APSA Style

APSA citation style relies on an author-date system to cite publications in a variety of formats. It concentrates on formats important to political science, with special attention given to documents produced within the United States government. In APSA, parenthetical references within the text direct readers to a reference list, which appears at the end of the text.

The examples below come from the APSA Style Manual for Political Science, revised November 2018.